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hr:glossary [2015/03/05 10:47] (trenutno)
jpetrovic created
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 +== Affect theory ==
 +
 +  * "//a branch of psychoanalysis that attempts to organize affects into discrete categories and connect each one with its typical response//"​(([[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Affect_theory|Wikipedia:​ Affect theory. Retrieved 15. March 2011.]]))
 +
 +== Cognition ==
 +
 +  * in psychology, the process by which one recognizes and understands things
 +
 +== Cognitive load ==
 +
 +  * Load imposed on one's cognitive capacities due to performance of cognitive operations
 +
 +== Comprehension ==
 +
 +  * an ability to understand the meaning or importance of something((Source: ​ [[http://​wordnetweb.princeton.edu/​perl/​webwn?​s=comprehension|http://​wordnetweb.princeton.edu/​perl/​webwn?​s=comprehension]]))
 +
 +== Declarative knowledge ==
 +
 +  * knowledge is often by instructional designers and philosophers divided into two categories: declarative (knowledge about things, //knowledge that//, for example knowledge about computers) and procedural (skills, //knowledge how//, for example knowledge how to use a computer)
 +
 +== Discrimination learning theory ==
 +
 +  * a theory of the process by which animals or people learn to respond differently to different stimuli
 +
 +== Distributed representation ==
 +
 +  * connectionist principle in which meaning is not contained within a single symbolic unit, but is formed by an interaction of a set of units(([[http://​philosophy.uwaterloo.ca/​MindDict/​distributedrepresentation.html|Eliasmith C. Distributed representation. Dictionary of Philosophy of Mind. Last updated May 11, 2004.]]))
 +
 +== Doctrine of formal discipline ==
 +
 +  * the belief that subjects like Latin language and mathematics improve learner'​s mind in general
 +
 +== Epistemology ==
 +
 +  * "//is concerned with the nature, sources and limits of knowledge. Epistemology has been primarily concerned with propositional knowledge, that is, knowledge that such-and-such is true, rather than other forms of knowledge, for example, knowledge how to such-and-such.//"​(([[http://​www.rep.routledge.com/​article/​P059|Klein,​ Peter D. Epistemology. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Updated March 31, 2005.]]))
 +
 +== Gestalt ==
 +
 +  * a configuration or pattern of elements so unified as a whole that it cannot be described just as a sum of its parts
 +
 +== Hawthorne effect ==
 +
 +  * "an increase in worker productivity produced by the psychological stimulus of being singled out and made to feel important"​(([[http://​www.nwlink.com/​~donclark/​hrd/​history/​hawthorne.html|Hawthorne Effect. Big Dog and Little Dog's Performance Juxtaposition. Last updated September 24, 2010.]])) ​ (for example for the fact that one is being studied)
 +
 +== Human cognitive architecture ==
 +
 +  * "//the manner in which structures and functions required for human cognitive processing are organized//"​(([[http://​www.csuchico.edu/​~nschwartz/​Sweller_2008.pdf|Sweller,​ J. Human Cognitive Architecture. In Handbook of research on educational communications and technology, 369-381. Taylor & Francis, 2008.]]))
 +
 +== Insightful learning ==
 +
 +  * learning that results in perceiving the solution to a problem after a period of cognitive trial and error
 +  * learner is required to have all elements of the problem available in order to be able to learn by insight
 +
 +== Journal ==
 +
 +  * a scholarly periodical containing original research articles aimed at researchers or specialists
 +
 +== Magazine ==
 +
 +  * a periodical aimed at the general public, which contains news, opinion and personal narratives
 +
 +== Paradigm ==
 +
 +  * a set of ideas that are used for understanding or explaining something, especially in a particular subject
 +  * a typical example or model of something
 +
 +== Procedural knowledge ==
 +
 +  * knowledge on how to do something (see also: [[:​glossary#​declarative_knowledge|declarative knowledge]])
 +
 +== Schema ==
 +
 +  * a mental framework humans use to represent and organize remembered information
 +  * they enable us to recall, modify our behavior, or try to predict most likely outcomes of events
 +
 +== Script ==
 +
 +  * "//a coherent sequence of events expected by an individual in a particular context, involving him either as participant or as an observer//"​((Puto,​ C. P. Memory for scripts in advertisements. Advances in Consumer Research XII:​404-409. Fifteenth Annual Conference. Association for Consumer Research. 1985.))
 +
 +== Structuralism ==
 +
 +  * a theory founded by Edward Titchener in the end of 19th/​beginning of 20th century focused on breaking down mental processes into simple elements
 +
 +== Theory ==
 +
 +  * one or more ideas that explain how or why something happens
 +  * the set of general principles that a particular subject is based on
 +
 +== Transfer of practice ==
 +
 +  * (or //transfer of learning//) a term coined by Thorndike and Woodworth(([[http://​psychclassics.yorku.ca/​Thorndike/​Transfer/​transfer1.htm|Thorndike,​ E. L. and Woodworth, R. S. The influence of improvement in one mental function upon the efficiency of other functions. Psychological Review, 8, 247-261. 1901.]])) , referring to the generalization of knowledge and transfer of it from one context to another
  
hr/glossary.txt · Zadnja izmjena: 2015/03/05 10:47 od jpetrovic