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instructional_design:mental_models [2012/01/12 11:42] (current)
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 +===== Mental Model Theory Of Thinking And Reasoning =====
 +
 +Mental models are **minds representations of fictive or real situations**. Idea that mind uses "​small-scale models"​ to perceive reality was first introduced by [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Kenneth_Craik|Kenneth Craik]] in 1943 and the idea was further developed by [[http://​weblamp.princeton.edu/​~psych/​psychology/​research/​johnson_laird/​index.php|Phil Johnson-Laird]] during 1980s.
 +
 +Ih his book "​Mental Models"​ Johnson-Laird claims that "it is now plausible to suppose that **mental models play a central and unifying role in representing objects, states of affairs, sequences of events**, the way the world is, and the social and psychological actions of daily life".
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 +Mental models are **simplified representations**,​ **constantly changing** and typically **include wrong assumptions or contradictions**. ​
 +
 +
 +===== Bibliography =====
 +
 +[[http://​www.tcd.ie/​Psychology/​other/​Ruth_Byrne/​mental_models/​|Mental Models Website.]]
 +
 +[[http://​tip.psychology.org/​models.html|TIP:​ Concepts. Mental Models.]]
  
instructional_design/mental_models.txt ยท Last modified: 2012/01/12 11:42 (external edit)