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learning_theories:dual_coding_theory [2011/06/27 13:31]
jpetrovic [General]
learning_theories:dual_coding_theory [2012/01/12 11:42] (current)
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 ===== General ===== ===== General =====
  
-Dual coding is a theory of cognition introduced by [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Allan_Paivio|Allan Paivio]] in late 1960s. This theory suggests that there are **two distinct subsystems** contributing to cognition: one is specialized **for language** and verbal information,​ and the other **for images** and non-verbal information. According to Pavio,+Dual coding is a theory of cognition introduced by [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Allan_Paivio|Allan Paivio]] in late 1960s. This theory suggests that there are **two distinct subsystems** contributing to cognition: one is specialized **for language** and verbal information,​ and the other **for images** and non-verbal information. According to Paivio,
  
   * "//​Human cognition is unique in that it has become specialized for dealing simultaneously with language and with nonverbal objects and events.//"​(([[http://​expresslanka-ebook.blogspot.com/​2011/​02/​mental-representations-dual-coding.html|Paivio,​ Allan. Mental Representations:​ A Dual Coding Approach. Oxford University Press, 1990, p53.]]))   * "//​Human cognition is unique in that it has become specialized for dealing simultaneously with language and with nonverbal objects and events.//"​(([[http://​expresslanka-ebook.blogspot.com/​2011/​02/​mental-representations-dual-coding.html|Paivio,​ Allan. Mental Representations:​ A Dual Coding Approach. Oxford University Press, 1990, p53.]]))
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 Both referential and associative types of connections help forming the complex networks of human memory. Both referential and associative types of connections help forming the complex networks of human memory.
  
-Pavio also refers to the issue of problem-solving. Problem-solving is, according to Pavio, the result of joined work of both verbal and non-verbal processing, but if the task is more concrete and non-verbal, the contribution of non-verbal processing system will be more crucial to the outcome and vice-versa.+Paivio ​also refers to the issue of problem-solving. Problem-solving is, according to Pavio, the result of joined work of both verbal and non-verbal processing, but if the task is more concrete and non-verbal, the contribution of non-verbal processing system will be more crucial to the outcome and vice-versa.
  
 ===== What is the practical meaning of dual coding theory? ===== ===== What is the practical meaning of dual coding theory? =====
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   * "//... concrete nouns are superior to abstract nouns in their capacity to elicit sensory images, and that imagery can mediate the formation of an associative connection between members of a pair.//"​(([[http://​www.sciencedirect.com/​science/​article/​pii/​S0022537165800640|Paivio,​ Allan. Abstractness,​ imagery, and meaningfulness in paired-associate learning. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 4, no. 1: 32-38. February 1965.]]))   * "//... concrete nouns are superior to abstract nouns in their capacity to elicit sensory images, and that imagery can mediate the formation of an associative connection between members of a pair.//"​(([[http://​www.sciencedirect.com/​science/​article/​pii/​S0022537165800640|Paivio,​ Allan. Abstractness,​ imagery, and meaningfulness in paired-associate learning. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 4, no. 1: 32-38. February 1965.]]))
  
-Pavio also addresses individual differences in tendency and capacity to use imagery:+Paivio ​also addresses individual differences in tendency and capacity to use imagery:
  
   * "//​Students who have trouble imaging , for example, may fail to remember passages of text that benefit from imaginal processing, may not understand geography or other spatial facts in a concrete way, and might do poorly at visualizing the steps in a geometric proof, spelling difficult words or even printing letters correctly.//"​   * "//​Students who have trouble imaging , for example, may fail to remember passages of text that benefit from imaginal processing, may not understand geography or other spatial facts in a concrete way, and might do poorly at visualizing the steps in a geometric proof, spelling difficult words or even printing letters correctly.//"​
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 ===== Keywords and most important names ===== ===== Keywords and most important names =====
  
-  * [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Allan_Paivio|Allan ​Pavio]]+  * [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Allan_Paivio|Allan ​Paivio]]
   * **Dual coding theory**, **verbal and non-verbal system**, **logogen**,​ **imagen**, **referential connections**,​ **associative connections**   * **Dual coding theory**, **verbal and non-verbal system**, **logogen**,​ **imagen**, **referential connections**,​ **associative connections**
 ===== Bibliography ===== ===== Bibliography =====
learning_theories/dual_coding_theory.txt ยท Last modified: 2012/01/12 11:42 (external edit)