The spatial contiguity principle suggests that related information sources should be spatially integrated in order to reduce attention-splitting and facilitate learning.
An example of a solved mathematical problem taking into consideration and ignoring the spatial contiguity principle is presented in image on the right. Example A shows separated text and graph (two information sources), whereas example B shows same two information sources, but this time spatially integrated. For another example see work of Florax and Ploetzner1).
Experiments have confirmed importance of this principle2), yet similar results were sometimes obtained using not necessarily spatial contiguity, but segmenting text and labeling the image as key contributors to it.3)