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learning_theories:experiential_learning [2012/01/12 11:42]
127.0.0.1 external edit
learning_theories:experiential_learning [2013/09/30 22:46]
jpetrovic [What is experiential learning?]
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 ===== General ===== ===== General =====
  
-Experiential learning theory is a **cycle learning theory** introduced by American educational theorist [[http://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/3114/David-Kolb.html|David Kolb]]((Some sources like [[http://​www.lifecircles-inc.com/​Learningtheories/​learningmap.html|Cooper,​ S. Theories of Learning in Educational Psychology]] or [[http://​tip.psychology.org/​|Kearsley G. Explorations in Learning & Instruction:​ The Theory Into Practice Database]] associate experiential learning with [[http://​www.nrogers.com/​carlrogersbio.html|Carl Rogers]].)) in 1971((Kolb, D. A. Individual learning styles and the learning process. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1971.)) and was inspired by earlier works of [[http://​www.muskingum.edu/​~psych/​psycweb/​history/​lewin.htm|Kurt Lewin]], [[http://​www.piaget.org/​aboutPiaget.html|Jean Piaget]]((See also: [[learning_theories:​Stage Theory of Cognitive Development]])) and [[http://​dewey.pragmatism.org/​|John Dewey]]. As it was developed within [[learning_paradigms:​humanism|humanist paradigm]], experiential learning offers a **holistic perspective on learning** and is orientated mostly on adult learning. Name of this theory was intended to should emphasize the importance of experience in the learning process.+Experiential learning theory is a **cycle learning theory** introduced by American educational theorist [[http://infed.org/mobi/david-a-kolb-on-experiential-learning/​|David Kolb]]((Some sources like [[http://​www.lifecircles-inc.com/​Learningtheories/​learningmap.html|Cooper,​ S. Theories of Learning in Educational Psychology]] or [[http://​tip.psychology.org/​|Kearsley G. Explorations in Learning & Instruction:​ The Theory Into Practice Database]] associate experiential learning with [[http://​www.nrogers.com/​carlrogersbio.html|Carl Rogers]].)) in 1971((Kolb, D. A. Individual learning styles and the learning process. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1971.)) and was inspired by earlier works of [[http://​www.muskingum.edu/​~psych/​psycweb/​history/​lewin.htm|Kurt Lewin]], [[http://​www.piaget.org/​aboutPiaget.html|Jean Piaget]]((See also: [[learning_theories:​Stage Theory of Cognitive Development]])) and [[http://​dewey.pragmatism.org/​|John Dewey]]. As it was developed within [[learning_paradigms:​humanism|humanist paradigm]], experiential learning offers a **holistic perspective on learning** and is orientated mostly on adult learning. Name of this theory was intended to should emphasize the importance of experience in the learning process.
  
  
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   * **Balancing** - Evenly balancing both modes of acquiring experience and both modes of transforming that experience into knowledge.   * **Balancing** - Evenly balancing both modes of acquiring experience and both modes of transforming that experience into knowledge.
  
-In order to identify preferred learning style in Kolb's model, "​**[[http://​www.haygroup.com/​au/​services/​index.aspx?​ID=14323|learn­ing style inven­tory]]**"​ method has been developed. This **method for determining an individual’s optimal learn­ing style**, strengths and weaknesses consists of a survey which explores one's perceiving (how one prefers to acquire information) and processing (how one makes sense of new things). Various variants of this method can be found in simplified free on-line tests((For example: [[http://​casa.colorado.edu/​~dduncan/​teachingseminar/​KolbLearningStyleInventoryInfo.pdf|Duncan,​ D. Kolb Learning Style Inventory. University of Colorado at Boulder.]])) ​and newer methods like //the adaptive style inventory// or //the learning skills profile// ​ have also been introduced(([[http://​www.google.hr/​url?​sa=t&​source=web&​cd=3&​ved=0CDEQFjAC&​url=http%3A%2F%2Flearningfromexperience.com%2Fmedia%2F2010%2F08%2FAdaptive-flexibility-2000.pdf&​rct=j&​q=Learning%20styles%20and%20adaptive%20flexibility&​ei=wJJLTsipB4ee-QbUgoT3CA&​usg=AFQjCNEtw0y7d9xEjMbQGRCJW4B0K7Kycg&​cad=rja|Mainemelis,​ Charalampos,​ Richard E. Boyatzis, and David A. Kolb. Learning Styles and Adaptive Flexibility. Management Learning 33, no. 1: 5 -33, March 2002.]])).+In order to identify preferred learning style in Kolb's model, "​**[[http://​www.haygroup.com/​au/​services/​index.aspx?​ID=14323|learn­ing style inven­tory]]**"​ method has been developed. This **method for determining an individual’s optimal learn­ing style**, strengths and weaknesses consists of a survey which explores one's perceiving (how one prefers to acquire information) and processing (how one makes sense of new things). Various variants of this method can be found in simplified free on-line tests and newer methods like //the adaptive style inventory// or //the learning skills profile// ​ have also been introduced(([[http://​www.google.hr/​url?​sa=t&​source=web&​cd=3&​ved=0CDEQFjAC&​url=http%3A%2F%2Flearningfromexperience.com%2Fmedia%2F2010%2F08%2FAdaptive-flexibility-2000.pdf&​rct=j&​q=Learning%20styles%20and%20adaptive%20flexibility&​ei=wJJLTsipB4ee-QbUgoT3CA&​usg=AFQjCNEtw0y7d9xEjMbQGRCJW4B0K7Kycg&​cad=rja|Mainemelis,​ Charalampos,​ Richard E. Boyatzis, and David A. Kolb. Learning Styles and Adaptive Flexibility. Management Learning 33, no. 1: 5 -33, March 2002.]])).
  
 Kolb's theory has also influenced other authors to create similar models for determining of preferred learning style. The critique that Kolb's learning styles inventory was difficult to apply to people who never really paid attention to how they learn more efficiently encouraged [[http://​peterhoney.org/​|Peter Honey]] and [[http://​www.spoke.com/​info/​p6KOsS0/​AlanMumford|Alan Mumford]] to create their //Learning Styles Questionnaire//​(([[http://​www.peterhoney.com|Honey & Mumford Learning Styles Questionnaire (LSQ)]])). It was based on Kolb's theory, but instead of asking people how they learn it was probing for most common learning behaviors. Other similar models include: [[http://​web.cortland.edu/​andersmd/​learning/​Gregorc.htm|Anthony Gregorc]]'​s //Mind Styles Model//​(([[http://​www.amazon.com/​Mind-Styles-Model-Principles-Applications/​dp/​B000N5LRJA|The Mind Styles Model: Theory, Principles, and Applications. AFG, 2006.]])), [[http://​www.vark-learn.com/​english/​page.asp?​p=biography|Neil Fleming]]'​s VARK Model(([[http://​www.vark-learn.com/​english/​index.asp|VARK a guide to learning styles]])) and other. Kolb's theory has also influenced other authors to create similar models for determining of preferred learning style. The critique that Kolb's learning styles inventory was difficult to apply to people who never really paid attention to how they learn more efficiently encouraged [[http://​peterhoney.org/​|Peter Honey]] and [[http://​www.spoke.com/​info/​p6KOsS0/​AlanMumford|Alan Mumford]] to create their //Learning Styles Questionnaire//​(([[http://​www.peterhoney.com|Honey & Mumford Learning Styles Questionnaire (LSQ)]])). It was based on Kolb's theory, but instead of asking people how they learn it was probing for most common learning behaviors. Other similar models include: [[http://​web.cortland.edu/​andersmd/​learning/​Gregorc.htm|Anthony Gregorc]]'​s //Mind Styles Model//​(([[http://​www.amazon.com/​Mind-Styles-Model-Principles-Applications/​dp/​B000N5LRJA|The Mind Styles Model: Theory, Principles, and Applications. AFG, 2006.]])), [[http://​www.vark-learn.com/​english/​page.asp?​p=biography|Neil Fleming]]'​s VARK Model(([[http://​www.vark-learn.com/​english/​index.asp|VARK a guide to learning styles]])) and other.
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     * **Concrete experience (CE)**, **reflective observation (RO)**, **abstract conceptualization (AC)**, **active experimentation (AE)**, **assimilator**,​ **converger**,​ **accomodator**,​ **diverger**,​ **learn­ing style inven­tory**,​ **learning styles**, **northerner**,​ **westerner**,​ **easterner**,​ **southerner**,​ **balancing **     * **Concrete experience (CE)**, **reflective observation (RO)**, **abstract conceptualization (AC)**, **active experimentation (AE)**, **assimilator**,​ **converger**,​ **accomodator**,​ **diverger**,​ **learn­ing style inven­tory**,​ **learning styles**, **northerner**,​ **westerner**,​ **easterner**,​ **southerner**,​ **balancing **
-    * [[http://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/3114/David-Kolb.html|David Kolb]]+    * [[http://infed.org/mobi/david-a-kolb-on-experiential-learning/​|David Kolb]]
  
  
learning_theories/experiential_learning.txt · Last modified: 2013/09/30 22:46 (external edit)